- Backache — a matter of mechanics
- Self-affirmations may calm jitters and boost performance, research finds
- Scientists use brain stimulation to boost creativity, set stage to treat depression
- Online discussion forums good for well-being, study shows
- Regular consumption of yogurt does not improve health
- More detailed findings confirm that coffee protects against breast cancer recurrence
- Iowa State researchers test brain activity to identify cybersecurity threats
The old adage that a chain is only as strong as its weakest link certainly applies to the risk organizations face in defending against cybersecurity threats. Employees pose a danger that can be just as damaging as a hacker.
- Mindfulness-based therapy rather than antidepressants to prevent depression relapse?
The results come from the first ever large study to compare MBCT – structured training for the mind and body which aims to change the way people think and feel about their experiences – with maintenance antidepressant medication for reducing the risk of relapse in depression.
- Better social media techniques increase fan interest, engagement
Researchers found that the more individual teams released original content from their Twitter accounts, such as score updates or player profiles, the more followers they gained and engagement they initiated. They say their findings could provide guidance for many businesses struggling with how to use social media.
- A sniff of happiness: Chemicals in sweat may convey positive emotion
Humans may be able to communicate positive emotions like happiness through the smell of our sweat, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. The research indicates that we produce chemical compounds, or chemosignals, when we experience happiness that are detectable by others who smell our sweat.
- Scientists identify brain circuitry responsible for anxiety in smoking cessation
Neuroscientists at the University of Massachusetts Medical School and The Scripps Research Institute have identified circuitry in the brain responsible for the increased anxiety commonly experienced during withdrawal from nicotine addiction.
- Likely cause of 2013-14 earthquakes: Combination of gas field fluid injection and removal
High volumes of wastewater injection combined with saltwater (brine) extraction from natural gas wells is the most likely cause of earthquakes occurring near Azle, Texas, from late 2013 through spring 2014.
- Not everyone wants cheering up, new study suggests
People with low self-esteem have overly negative views of themselves, and often interpret critical feedback, romantic rejections, or unsuccessful job applications as evidence of their general unworthiness. A new study from researchers at the University of Waterloo and Wilfrid Laurier University found that they likely don’t want you to try to boost their spirits.
- Working up a sweat — it could save your life
Physical activity that makes you puff and sweat is key to avoiding an early death, a large Australian study of middle-aged and older adults has found.
The researchers followed 204,542 people for more than six years, and compared those who engaged in only moderate activity (such as gentle swimming, social tennis, or household chores) with those who included at least some vigorous activity (such as jogging, aerobics or competitive tennis).
- Sticks and stones: Brain releases natural painkillers during social rejection, study finds
“Sticks and stones may break my bones, but words will never hurt me,” goes the playground rhyme that’s supposed to help children endure taunts from classmates. But a new study suggests that there’s more going on inside our brains when someone snubs us – and that the brain may have its own way of easing social pain. The findings show that the brain’s natural painkiller system responds to social rejection – not just physical injury.
- New images of the brain show the forgetful side effect of frequent recall
A new study has shown how intentional recall is beyond a simple reawakening of a memory; and actually leads us to forget other competing experiences that interfere with retrieval. Quite simply, the very act of remembering may be one of the major reasons why we forget.
- Research debunks commonly held belief about narcissism
Contrary to popular belief, excessive use of first-person singular pronouns such as “I” and “me” does not necessarily indicate a narcissistic tendency, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.
- Cold, callous and untreatable? Not all psychopaths fit the stereotype, says new study
Movie villains from Norman Bates to Hannibal Lecter have popularized the notion of the psychopath as cold, cruel, lacking in empathy and beyond the reach of treatment.
A new study in the Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology suggests that this monolithic view, shared by some treatment professionals, is not only wrong but prevents many diagnosed with psychopathy, or precursors of it, from receiving therapies that could help them live happier, more productive lives.
- Breastfeeding women and sex: Higher sex drive or relationship management?
New mothers in the Philippines spend more time in the bedroom with their partner in the first few weeks after giving birth than they did before they became pregnant. This might be a type of survival strategy to keep the relationships with the fathers of their new babies alive and well, to ensure continued support for their offspring.
- Stop blaming the moon, says UCLA scientist
The moon does not influence the timing of human births or hospital admissions, according to new research by Margot that confirms what scientists have known for decades. The study illustrates how intelligent and otherwise reasonable people develop strong beliefs that, to put it politely, are not aligned with reality.
- Study links Facebook use to depressive symptoms
The social media site, Facebook, can be an effective tool for connecting with new and old friends. However, some users may find themselves spending quite a bit of time viewing Facebook and may inevitably begin comparing what’s happening in their lives to the activities and accomplishments of their friends.
- Women smokers concerned about weight are less likely to try to quit
Women who believe smoking helps them manage their weight are less likely to try quitting in response to anti-smoking policies than other female smokers in the U.S.
- Extraversion may be less common than we think
Not only did the researchers show that extraverts are over-represented in real-world networks, they found that the effect is more pronounced in the networks of socially outgoing people. In other words, extraverted people are not immune from the friendship paradox-they experience it more intensely than others.
- Consumers Value Handmade Products: What’s Love Got to Do with It?
Machine-made products today are often of very good quality, and many are relatively cheaper than their handmade counterparts. But they are missing the key ingredient of “love,”
- High-Energy TV Commercials: Too Much Stress for Consumers?
Consumers are tuning out TV commercials, making advertisers run louder, higher-energy ads to force their attention. This may be backfiring critically when consumers are watching sad or relaxing shows, according to a new study in the Journal of Marketing.
- New MIND diet may significantly protect against Alzheimer’s disease
A new diet, appropriately known by the acronym MIND, could significantly lower a person’s risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease, even if the diet is not meticulously followed,
- Flower-enriched farms boost bee populations
Flower strips sown into farmers’ fields not only attract bees but increase their numbers, new University of Sussex research has shown.
- Hunger versus reward: How do anorexics control their appetite?
Many adults, regardless of their weight, resolve to avoid fatty foods and unhealthy desserts. But despite one’s best intentions, when the moment for decision comes, that chocolate lava cake is often too enticing and self-control vanishes.
- How much math, science homework is too much?
More than 70 minutes homework is too much for adolescents, researchers find.
- Stress management techniques improve long-term mood and quality of life
Providing women with skills to manage stress early in their breast cancer treatment can improve their mood and quality of life many years later.
- Study: Men tend to be more narcissistic than women
The study compiled 31 years of narcissism research and found that men consistently scored higher in narcissism across multiple generations and regardless of age.
- Actresses must be picky about with whom they work to survive in movie industry
Actresses need to be pickier than men about with whom they work if they want to survive in the movie industry, suggests a new study.
- Mind reading thanks to metaphors
Sharpen your ability to tune into other people’s emotional or mental states by observing the metaphors they use. Why is this? Because metaphors can in fact help one to ‘mind read’.
- New work schedule could cure your ‘social jetlag’
Now, researchers report in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on March 12 that sleep and workers’ general wellbeing could be improved if work schedules took workers’ biological clocks into account
- Look, something shiny! How color images can influence consumers
When it comes to buying things, our brains can’t see the big, black-and-white forest for all the tiny, colorful trees.
- Deciding on a purchase: Does it matter if you look up or down while shopping?
Next time you look up at a higher shelf in a store or down at your phone when making a purchase, think about how the direction you are looking could influence your decision.
- British Psychological Society report challenges received wisdom about mental illness
The problems we think of as ‘psychosis’ – hearing voices, believing things that others find strange, or appearing out of touch with reality – can be understood in the same way as other psychological problems such as anxiety or shyness.
- Could yoga lessen prenatal depression?
In a small pilot study, researchers at Brown University, Butler Hospital, and Women & Infants’ Hospital have found evidence suggesting that yoga could help pregnant women with significant depression reduce the severity of the mood disorder.
- The “Backfire Effect”: Correcting false beliefs about vaccines can be surprisingly counterproductive
According to a new study, 43 per cent of the US population wrongly believes that the flu vaccine can give you flu. In actual fact this is not the case – any adverse reaction, besides a temperature and aching muscles for a short time, is rare, the British Psychological Society reports.
- Nice to sniff you: Handshakes may engage our sense of smell
Why do people shake hands? A new Weizmann Institute study suggests one of the reasons for this ancient custom may be to check out each other’s odors. Even if we are not consciously aware of this, handshaking may provide people with a socially acceptable way of communicating via the sense of smell.
- Friends know how long you’ll live, study finds
Peer estimates of your personality can predict longevity