Alcohol

Lack of exercise linked to alcohol misuse

 Lack of exercise linked to alcohol misuse  Alcohol, Exercise, Recently  Comments Off on Lack of exercise linked to alcohol misuse
Nov 032015
 

A large-scale survey of African-American men and women found that those who rarely or never exercised had about twice the odds of abusing alcohol than those who exercised frequently, a finding that could have implications across all groups.

The survey of 5,002 African-American men and women found that those who did not engage in physical activity at all or only occasionally had nearly double the chance — between a 84 percent and 88 percent higher odds — of abusing alcohol than those who regularly engaged in some form of physical activity. This was after adjusting for demographic factors such as income and neighborhood characteristics.

Survey participants were drawn from the National Survey of American Life (NSAL), a study that took place between 2001 and 2003 and aimed to identify racial and ethnic differences in mental disorders and other psychological distress, including those used by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The study used the DSM-IV definition of alcohol abuse, which is defined as drinking that has negative social, professional and/or legal consequences.

The survey finding will be presented at the American Public Health Association meeting in Chicago on Nov. 2.

“There have been studies of the association between substance use and related comorbid health conditions, such as depression and anxiety,” notes April Joy Damian, a doctoral student in the Department of Mental Health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the study’s author. “There has been little research that has examined the connection between exercise and decreased odds of alcohol use disorder.

“Because the NSAL study was essentially a snapshot that was taken at one point in time, we can’t say that engaging in physical activity will prevent people from developing alcohol use disorder or that alcohol use disorder can be treated with physical activity,” Damian says. “Given that alcohol use disorder has a high rate of co-occurrence for depression and anxiety, it merits further study all around, for African Americans as well as others. We should consider how physical activity contributes to alcohol-related behavior and design interventions for people who are at risk.”

“Association between physical activity and alcohol abuse and dependence: Findings from the National Survey of American Life (NSAL)” was written by April Joy Damian.

Source: JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY BLOOMBERG SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH

Aug 242015
 

In-depth interviews conducted by researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine of 20 young women attending an urban sexually transmitted disease clinic have documented a variety of unexpected, unintended sexual encounters linked to their alcohol use before sex occurs. Links between alcohol use and risky or deleterious sexual encounters are not necessarily new,

Jul 162015
 

People who depend on their relationship to make them feel good about themselves are more likely to drown their sorrows if they believe their partner is cheating, suggests new research. The study, published in Addictive Behaviors, links romantic jealousy, relationship-dependent self-esteem and alcohol problems for the first time. The authors of the study, from the

May 072015
 

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Feb 242015
 

Although several studies have shown an association between intelligence and various health-related outcomes, the research on cognitive abilities and alcohol-related problems has been inconsistent. A new study of the association between IQ-test results and drinking, measured as both total intake and pattern of use, has found that a lower IQ is clearly associated with greater and riskier drinking among young adult men, although their poor performance on the IQ-test may also be linked to other disadvantages.

Feb 242015
 

A study of the relationship between binge drinking and eating problems among Russian adolescents has found that problematic eating behaviors and attitudes are commonplace, and that binge drinking is associated with more eating problems in girls than boys.

Women to take control on binge drinking

 Women to take control on binge drinking  Alcohol, Women, Worth Noting  Comments Off on Women to take control on binge drinking
Feb 112015
 

RWR is the first study designed to describe and explain midlife women’s recovery change processes (mental, emotional, physical and spiritual), so that the findings can be used to help other women with AUDs, healthcare practitioners, peers in recovery, community services, supporters, educators and policy makers.

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